Are your car’s headlight lenses dull, cloudy, scratched or yellowed? No problem! You can restore plastic headlights in less than an hour. Headlight restoration is easy once you know how. The headlight restoration system I recommend most (and use myself!) is the 3M Headlight Lens Renewal System. It works great!
Routine Plastic Headlight Restoration
Look around any public parking lot and you will see dozens of cars with cloudy, nicked and scratched headlights. The change from glass headlight lenses to clear plastic (polycarbonate) made it inevitable.
Without proper maintenance, the sun’s UV rays and contaminates such as acid rain, salt and road debris degrade and discolor your car’s clear plastic lenses. It’s normal.
Halogen and other high-intensity headlights operate at very high temperatures, further contributing to degradation. However, your car’s headlights don’t have to get that way, and if they are, you can easily fix them.
Plastic headlight restoration, as it is known, is a repair process that removes surface damage and restores lens clarity. Even in very bad condition, most headlight lenses can be restored in a short period of time.
Your vehicle’s headlights are a sealed unit, so you can’t just replace the clear plastic. If you have an expensive car, with high-performance lights, replacement is very expensive.
Fact: Headlight restoration, versus replacement, will save you upwards of $200 to $600 per lens. So, it’s well worth the effort. Plus, it’s easy!
What to Expect With a Lens Restoration
This article explains the products, tools and methods you can use to restore your headlight lenses. Some of the steps explained may not be necessary. It all depends on the level of damage or oxidation on your headlight lenses.
If your headlights are heavily oxidized or scratched, they will require more work. If the damage is severe enough, replacement may be your only option. This is rare though!
You may think your headlights look hopeless, but most likely the damage is superficial. Even if they are completely opaque, they can usually be restored to a much better and much clearer condition.
As long as your headlight lenses have not completely yellowed all the way though, you have a very good chance of a full restoration.
The very good news is that plastic headlight restoration is not difficult. You can even do it without a kit if you have the right tools. We’ll cover both options here!
3M To The Rescue… 3M Headlight Lens Restoration System
3M wasn’t the first company to recognize all of the dull, yellowed and scratched headlights on the road, but they do offer the most popular (and most effective) fix-it kit.
NOTE: The recomended 3M kit includes sanding discs and polishing pad with compound and works on not only headlights but taillights, fog, and directional lights.
How Plastic Headlight Restoration Kits Work
Watch the 3M video above and you’ll see how several grades of fine sanding paper were used to remove a very fine layer of the plastic lens. After the sanding step the lens is polished with a plastic polish to restore full clarity and a nice appearance to the lens.
This is the same basic step used by all headlight restoration systems. Where the kits vary is the method of cleaning away the layer of damage. Some use abrasive sanding disks and pads, like 3M’s system, while others rely on the plastic polish itself to do all of the work.
DIY Headlight Restoration Tools and Supplies
Check your garage, because you may already have everything you need to make a lens repair:
- Bucket of soapy water
- Latex gloves (if you have sensitive skin)
- Painter’s masking tape (1” to 1.5” width is best)
- Plastic polish
- Wet/dry sand paper (600, 1200, 3000 grit)
- Sanding block (1” x 2” erasure works great)
- 2.5” Velcro backing plate for use with 3/8” drill or cordless drill
- 3” foam or wool polishing pad with Velcro backing
DIY Headlight Restoration Method #1
Determine if the damage to your headlight lenses is on the inside or the outside. If the damage is on the inside, you will see condensation from moisture. If your lenses are cloudy on the inside, you will need to drain the moisture.
If the damage is on outside of the headlight lenses (most often the case), first try polishing it off with a plastic polish, such as Meguiar’s PlastX Clear Plastic Polish. If the oxidation is superficial, the plastic polish will remove it quickly and easily.
CAUTION: Never use a household glass cleaning product like Windex on clear plastic. Household glass cleaners contain ammonia, which causes clear plastic to yellow.
TIP: You can test to see if your headlights will respond to hand polishing with a small dab of tartar control toothpaste. Toothpaste is slightly abrasive. If the small test area vastly improves, then you know polish alone may be all you need.
If hand polishing alone does not restore your headlight lenses, you will need to progress to Headlight Restoration Method #2.
Headlight Restoration Method #2
In this process you are going to sand your headlight lenses with two or three grades of fine sand paper, then re-glaze the plastic with polish to restore a clear finish.
STEP 1: Clean the headlight lenses. A bucket of soapy water works best. Clean the surrounding area, too. Dry thoroughly.
STEP 2: Use painter’s masking tape to mask around the headlight. This will help protect your car’s paint finish. This only takes a couple minutes, so don’t skip this important step.
STEP 3: Wet sand each headlight. First determine the amount of damage to each lens. If your headlight lenses are scratched or if they are completely opaque, you will need to start with 600 grit sandpaper. Sand thoroughly, and then progress to 1200, then 2000 grit.
If your lenses have no scratches and are only slightly opaque, you can probably get away with using 2000 grit paper only. The first sanding step is where you will actually remove the scratched and cloudy layer of plastic.
Tip: The finer grades of sandpaper are to remove the scratches left from the previous grit sandpaper.
As you sand, your sanding water will turn milky. This is the damaged layer being removed. Use plenty of water for lubrication and to keep the sandpaper clean.
Keep sanding until the surface feels perfectly smooth. The drippings will become clearer as the damage is taken away. Dry thoroughly between sanding steps to check progress.
The following bits of information are key to understand:
- Soak your wet/dry sandpaper is water for 15-20 minutes before use. This softens the paper, making it easier to use.
- Never sand with your bare hand. For best results, use a sanding block or pad to keep the paper flat. A 1” by 2” school erasure is the perfect size for headlights and spot repairs.
- Sand in straight lines, never in circles, and your final buff out will be much easier.
- Be sure to keep the surface wet as you sand. Soapy water works best.
STEP 4: Re-glaze headlight lenses using plastic polish on a 3” polishing pad (foam or wool). First connect the Velcro backing plate adapter to your drill.
CAUTION: If you’re using a wool pad, it should not be used at high speed. Wool pads generate a lot of heat, so use a cordless drill or the slow speed on your electric drill.
Apply several dabs of polish to the pad and begin polishing the lens. As the polish begins to dissipate, add a little more and continue polishing.
Stop polishing once the lens is completely clear again. Finish with a final hand polish using a small amount of polish on a microfiber towel or applicator.
STEP 5: Wax or seal to protect. Use a good auto wax to reseal the lenses and protect from the elements.
STEP 6: Maintain monthly with a quality plastic cleaner/polish. The product I recommend most is Plexus. Use it regularly, just like a glass cleaner, and your car’s clear plastic lenses will never need restoring again!
The Best Headlight Lens Restoration Kits
If you don’t want to chase down all of the parts from my list above, simply go with a quality kit. There are several consumer grade systems available that work very well. The following are top rated and are in addition to the already mentioned 3M kit..
If you have a cordless drill, the Mothers PowerBall Headlight Restoration Kit is excellent. It includes a couple of fine sanding pads to remove the heavy damage, Mothers proprietary PowerBall foam polishing ball (small), and a bottle of Mothers Plastic Polish.
This is a quick and easy solution, and you can use the PowerBall to polish small paint scratches, as well. The kit also includes a nice discount coupon for XPEL protective film.
Remember Turtle Wax?
If you don’t have a drill, the Turtle Wax Headlight Lens Restorer Kit is an option. It includes the same sanding pads as the Mothers kit and a nice plastic polish for hand application to restore the final finish. This kit takes a little more time and effort (not a lot), but it’s effective.
Restoring with GlassyLite
The GlassyLite Headlight Restoration Kit is the “high-tech” solution of the bunch. They offer a polycarbonate (clear plastic) sealant as a final step to protect the headlights from future yellowing and scratching. This is an important component, because if you don’t seal the lenses they will simply yellow again.
Meguiar’s 2-Step Restoration
The Meguiar’s Perfect Clarify Two Step Headlight Restoration Kit may be the most expensive of the bunch. It’s different from their original which did not include the sanding pads.
This new kit has a 1000 unigrit sanding disc, 3000 unigrit sanding disc, a unigrit hand pad, drill-operated easy-buff pad, PlastX supreme shine MF towel and a small bottle of headlight and plastic restorer.
Also check out our page on Making Your Car Last Longer!